Canoeists’ contractile properties and ROM differ little between males and females and international medalists and non-medalists; however, strength and dynamometry performance show significant sex differences. Male canoeists had greater Fmax in the Leg Press, Pm and Pmax in the canoe-position cable row, and a greater 1RM in the bench press and bench Pull. Furthermore, male canoeists achieved greater Fm and Fpeak than female canoeists in the canoe-specific isometric FEMD test and greater Nstrokes, Fpeak, and Pmax in the incremental FEMD test. International medalists in major events showed lower Tvmax and Tpmax values in the Leg Press on both sides and greater Nstrokes and Fpeak in the maximal incremental FEMD test than finalists in major events. From a practical point of view, these results will allow us to create a performance profile for high-level canoeists. This profile will help coaches base their training programs on improving performance or even their assessments to detect talented athletes in the canoe modality, in both men and women.

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